The United States imposed sanctions against Melnichenko, Pumpyansky and MMK The list included the co-owners of PhosAgro Guryevs, businessmen Viktor Rashnikov, Andrey Melnichenko and the head of the board of directors of the National Media Group Alina Kabaeva. MMK, STLC and Skolkovo also fell under the sanctions webp” media=”(max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >< source srcset="https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/resized/590xH/media/img/2/30/756594645566302.webp 590w" type="image/webp" >
US Treasury Department
The United States has updated the OFAC SDN Treasury Department sanctions list, which provides for the blocking of assets, isolation from the dollar system, by adding six Russian billionaires from the Forbes list. This is:
- former owner of Eurochem Andrey Melnichenko (9th place in the Russian Forbes-2022 rating, his fortune is estimated at $11.1 billion);
- Head of the Board of Directors of MMK Viktor Rashnikov (18th place in Forbes-2022, $6.6 billion );
- PhosAgro co-owners Andrey Grigoryevich and Andrey Andreyevich Guryev (24th place, $4.8 billion);
- co-owner of Sheremetyevo Alexander Ponomarenko (47th, $1.9 billion);
- former member of the Board of Directors of TMK Dmitry Pumpyansky (not included in the rating of 2022, in 2021 he took 62nd place).
The US Treasury explained that Guryev, Melnichenko and Ponomarenko do not own 50% companies “PhosAgro”, “Evrokhim” and Sheremetyevo Airport, respectively, these companies are not subject to sanctions.
The European Union imposed sanctions against Pumpyansky, Melnichenko and Guryev in early March.
Also under the sanctions were the heads of administrations in the territories that came under Russian control after the start of the operation in Ukraine: the head of Mariupol Konstantin Ivashchenko, the head of the military-civilian administration of the Kherson region Vladimir Saldo, his deputy Kirill Stremousov.
Except for them in the list the head of the board of directors of the National Media Group, Olympic champion Alina Kabaeva, in the American list she is ranked with Russia and Switzerland. Also, the deputy head of the Innopraktika Foundation, TV presenter Natalia Popova, was sanctioned.
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“These elites and businessmen work in sectors of the economy that bring significant income to the Russian regime, including from sources outside of Russia,”— US Treasury said in a statement.
Washington notes that Andrey Guryev is a “close associate” of the Russian President Vladimir Putin. His son Andrei is also included in the list among the elite close to the Kremlin. Viktor Rashnikov is the majority owner and chairman of the board of directors of MMK, one of the largest taxpayers in Russia. and the State Transport Leasing Company (GTLK).
The United States also imposed sanctions against the Skolkovo Technopark; and the Skolkovo Foundation, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology.
Since the beginning of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, Western countries, including the United States, have already introduced several packages of sanctions against Moscow. The restrictions affected the top officials of the state, the banking and financial sectors, military and technology companies, as well as the reserves of the Central Bank.